Lucknow: The preparations for the Uttar Pradesh state elections have officially started in the state. Amidst the announcement of election dates, all the parties are claiming their victory and the defeat of the opponent. However, the victory and defeat will be decided with the counting of votes on March 10. In the last assembly elections held in 2017, the Bharatiya Janata Party came to power with an absolute majority by winning more than 300 seats, while no other party could reach the 50-seat mark.
Lotus bloomed in western UP
In 2017 also the election started from West UP. In the first phase, voting was held in 73 seats in 15 districts of western UP, in which 64 percent voter turnout was recorded. After the Muzaffarnagar riots in 2013, all the old political equations here had collapsed and the new equations that were formed gave a big advantage to the BJP.
For the first time in Jatland, the lotus blossomed so brilliantly and BJP managed to win 51 seats. Samajwadi Party had 16 seats in its account, Congress could capture 2 and Bahujan Samaj Party could capture only 1 seat. According to one estimate, the BJP got at least 40 per cent Jatav and 17 per cent non-Jatav (Khatik, Pasi, Valmiki) votes in that election, while in the 2012 assembly elections, the BJP got barely 7 per cent Jat votes.
What was the situation of Rohilkhand?
The Samajwadi Party had won 29 out of 52 seats in Rohilkhand in the 2012 assembly elections and stood first. But in 2017 the SP suffered heavy losses here and the party got less than half of the 14 seats, while the BJP captured 38 seats. The saffron wave in Rohilkhand can also be gauged from the fact that in 2012 the party was able to get only 8 seats. Where the SP had a loss of 15 seats, the BJP gained 30 seats. In 2017, the BSP and the Congress could not win a single seat.
Many politically important districts in Awadh region are Lucknow, Ayodhya, Kannauj, Etawah, Mainpuri, Auraiya, Kanpur, Rae Bareilly, Amethi, Unnao, Kaushambi, Hardoi and Barabanki. The importance of these areas can also be gauged from the fact that three leaders of Awadh, Indira Gandhi, VP Singh and Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister.
In 2017, polling was held in this area in the third and fourth phases. Like other parts of UP, BJP’s performance here too was very good. BJP had ensured victory by capturing 116 seats out of the total 137 seats here. Where SP got only 11 seats, BSP could not even open its account. In the 2012 assembly elections, SP had captured 95 seats in Awadh and BJP got only 12 seats. Areas like Etawah, Mainpuri, Etah, Kannauj also come under Awadh which are considered to be strongholds of SP. Despite this, the party had to face a crushing defeat in Awadh.
What was the condition of Purvanchal?
Polling was held in the sixth and seventh phases in 2017 in 14 districts of Purvanchal. About 20 districts of UP come in Purvanchal. In this part of UP, PM Modi’s parliamentary constituency Varanasi and SP’s stronghold Azamgarh are also there. Gorakhpur and Kushinagar are also in this part. BJP had captured 100 seats here. In the last three elections, a trend has also been shown that the party that performed better in Purvanchal had captured the power of UP. In 2012, where SP had captured 80 seats here in 2012, in 2007 BSP came to power by winning 70 seats here.