New Delhi: The National Educational Policy 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet. The change in the Education Policy has come after a 34 years-long wait. The new Education Policy has many specialities.
Schooling will be divided into three groups – the fundamental, the preparatory and the secondary education. As per the latest Eduction Policy, age of joining theschool will be 4 Years old and the person will passout by the age of 18.
The latest policy lays down that the board will be in 12th class only. The M. Phil will be closed and there will be a college degree 4 years
Now students up to 5th will be taught in mother language, local language and national language only. The rest of the subjects, even if they are English, will be taught as a subject.
Board exams will have to be taken in the 12th standard. Before it was mandatory to take the 10th board examination, which will not happen now.
Examination will now happen in the semester form in classes 9 to 12. Schooling will be taught under the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 formula.
The certificate for the college studies will be given on first year of graduation, diploma on second year, degree in third year.
The 3-year degree is for those students who do not have to take higher education. Students doing higher education will have to do a 4-year degree. Students doing 4 years degree will be able to do MA in one year. MA students will now be able to do PHD directly.
There will be no board exam in 10th. Students will be able to do other courses in between. By 2035 the gross enrollment ratio will be 50 percent in higher education. At the same time, under the new education policy, if a student wants to do another course in the middle of a course, then he can take a second course by taking a break for a limited time from the first course.
In the new format there will be graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy. Apart from this, e-courses will be started in regional languages. Virtual labs will be developed. A National Educational Scientific Forum (NETF) will be started. The rules will be Universal for all government, private, deemed institutions.