India pips China in numbers on the population front

New Delhi: India has now left China far behind in terms of the largest population in the world. This is what the experts claim. They believe that Prime Minister Narendra Modi should create more and more jobs so that India can continue its development at a fast pace. According to the World Population Review (WPR) data, India has left far behind the world’s most populous country China in terms of population. The World Population Review is an independent organization focused on census and demography. According to this, by the end of 2022, the population of the South Asian nation of India was 1.417 billion (more than 140 crore).

This is 50 lakh more than the number of China. China recently declared its population at 1.412 billion. China’s population has registered a decrease for the first time since 1961. Half of India’s population is below 30 years of age. The report states that India is set to become the fastest growing major economy in the world in the coming years. However to make the most of its young population, the Modi government needs to create jobs for lakhs of people every year. This is also because the country is moving away from jobs related to agriculture.

United Nations had expressed a different estimate regarding India

Earlier, the United Nations had predicted that India would overtake China in terms of population by the end of this year. The recent World Population Prospects 2022 report by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Population Division) projects that India will overtake China as the most populous country in the world in 2023. According to the report, India’s population is estimated to be 1.668 billion in the year 2050, which is more than China’s estimated population of 1.317 billion by the middle of this century.

According to WPR, as of January 18, India’s population has already reached 1.423 billion. Apart from WPR, research platform Macrotrends estimates India’s population at 1.428 billion. Significantly, due to pandemic disruptions, India had postponed its population surveys once in 10 years. Earlier India was going to conduct its census in 2021.

Modi government under pressure to create jobs

The Agniveer scheme for the armed forces is an example of how the government is under pressure to create jobs. Under this scheme, the tenure of soldiers has been limited to four years. The government’s move reflects the pressure on the administration to create jobs and pay for retirement benefits. The Modi government, which is preparing to capture power again in 2024, is insisting on increasing the share of manufacturing in the economy from the current 14% to 25%.

India’s economy has grown rapidly, recovering strongly before and after the Corona epidemic. But there is also a truth that about 80 crore people of the country are still dependent on free ration from the government. It is the largest program of its kind in the world.

India is self-sufficient in food production

India is currently the third largest economy in Asia. The good thing for India is that the country is self-sufficient in food production. It is the second largest producer of rice, wheat and sugar. As a market, India, with its growing middle class, is the top importer of edible oils as well as the largest consumer of sugar. It is the second largest consumer of gold and steel and the third largest buyer of crude oil. India is also the third largest domestic aviation market in the world.

However, India’s population growth has slowed down. WPR expects this number to keep rising until at least 2050. On the other hand, China is currently witnessing a population decline. According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s population is set to decrease by 850,000 in 2022 compared to a year ago. The United Nations estimates that more than half of the projected increase in global population between 2022 and 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

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