Lucknow: Whenever Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath comes face to face with farmers and agricultural scientists. They definitely talk about natural, organic, cow based zero budget farming. The point of their saying is that now let us think beyond the Green Revolution. Such a green revolution which is sustainable and eco-friendly. In which there is no harm to people, water and land. This is necessary for the existence of the world. The only alternative to this is toxin free organic farming. Such farming which is cow based. In which there is no need of any kind of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides.
It is possible. Japan’s famous agricultural scientist Masanov Fukuoka proved it 100 years ago. According to him, our farms have got used to fertilizers due to prolonged use. Due to the use of insecticides, the insects have developed resistance to them. Don’t apply fertilizer. The fields will agree sullenly for some time. Crops will gradually develop resistance to pests and diseases. This will be a permanent and eternal green revolution.
Referring to natural farming in a program recently, Yogi said, the state government is making planned efforts to encourage natural farming. Testing labs should be set up at all divisional headquarters for verification of organic and natural products as per international standards. Testing labs should be set up at Krishi Vigyan Kendras in a phased manner. This work should be completed with top priority.
The Chief Minister wants to make Uttar Pradesh the hub of India in terms of organic farming. There is also a great possibility of this. In fact, the Indo Gangetic belt which is counted among the most fertile land in the world. Most of it comes in Uttar Pradesh only. Uttar Pradesh has been able to do this due to year-round flowing rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Sarayu and 9 types of climate suitable for all types of farming. Continuous efforts are also going on in this regard.
In order of these efforts, recently, the state’s Agriculture Minister Surya Pratap Shahi said that the state government is going to start the work of natural farming in an area of more than 110000 hectares in 70 districts of the state with the aim of providing maximum benefits to the farmers.
Possibilities of organic farming in UP
It is worth mentioning that Uttar Pradesh already has ample infrastructure facilities for organic farming. The government is also continuously expanding these facilities. For example, the National Center for Organic Farming (NCOF), the headquarters of organic farming, is located in Ghaziabad. The country’s largest organic production company is from Uttar Pradesh only. There is still a tradition of traditional farming in a large part of the state. To make Ganga pollution free, it further increases the possibilities of organic farming on its banks. Even during the Kumbh of organic farming in 2017, experts recommended reserving the Ganga plains for organic farming.
Work done by the government so far and results
Efforts are on since Yogi-1 itself to make organic farming popular. Under this, farmers were linked to organic farming by forming clusters of organic farming in Yogi-1. 50 farmers were linked to a cluster of 20 hectares with a target of three years. Per cluster, the government spends Rs 10 lakh in three years from training to providing quality agricultural inputs. A laboratory for testing organic products is functional at Lucknow. Work is in progress at Meerut and Varanasi. During the last two years, organic farming projects have been approved in 35 districts on an area of 38,703 hectares. For this, 22,86,915 farmers have been trained. People should be aware about organic farming. In this regard, on December 16, 2021, in the Department of Agriculture, Varanasi, on January 22, 2020, a workshop under the Namami Gange scheme at Chandrashekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur and organic farming at five agricultural universities, Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Rahman Kheda Institute of Agricultural Management in the state. This has been the aim of the government behind the protest.
According to the target set for promotion of organic farming in Yogi-2, organic farming will be promoted within a radius of 10 kilometers in all the districts along the banks of Ganga. Cow based organic farming will be promoted in all the districts of Bundelkhand. This will help in solving the problem of destitute cattle in this entire region. Organic farming will be expanded in every block of the state. To establish a separate brand of such products, separate space has been earmarked for the organic outlet in each mandi.
The target of the government is to expand organic farming on 3,00,000 area of the state and connect 7,50,000 farmers with it in the next five years.
Organic Agriculture Kumbh was organized by the Organic Farming Association of India from 9 to 11 November 2017 at India Expo Center and Mart Greater Noida for the promotion of organic farming. 107 countries participated in it. According to the data obtained from this, among the major states of India where certified organic farming was done at that time, Uttar Pradesh was number seven after Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. The total area under organic farming in the state was 1,01,459 hectares. Since then, considerable progress has been made in this under the guidance of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. By promoting organic clusters, the state government has done up to 95,680 hectares by 2021-2022. The area under organic farming will be increased to 3,00,000 hectares in the next five years.